VCP5 vs VCP4: Comparing exam blueprints

Tuesday July 12th was a big day for VMware. They announced the VMware vSphere 5 product suite, restated their plans for enabling and accelerating private & public cloud adoption, revealed a change in licensing, and announced the VCP5 beta exam.

I wasn’t surprised that VCP5 was announced, but I imagine that some of you (like me) might be feeling a bit overwhelmed at the announcement of another VMware certification when many folks are still knee-deep in studying for their DCA/DCD or VCP exams. Fortunately, this is only the VCP5 beta, which means that the final test hasn’t gone live. There’s still plenty of time to pass the vSphere 4 certifications and still have time to study for the VCP 5 exam.

There are a couple things to be mindful of, before we jump into comparing the VCP4 and VCP5 exam blueprints. First, the VCP5 beta exam is 180 questions versus the VCP4’s 85 questions. Because of the number of questions on the VCP5 beta, the time limit is increased from 90 minutes to 225 minutes of pure exam time. There’s additional time allotted for survey questions, and additional time allotted for those who might be taking the beta in a country where English is not the primary language. The beta, unlike the official VCP4 exam, is only available in English; I imagine that additional language(s) will be added once the VCP5 exam becomes finalized.

Secondly, probably the best bit of news that I’ve seen so far, is that there is no course requirement for those that have a VCP4 certification until February 29, 2012. For those with a VCP2, 3, or no current VCP certification, my recommendation is to visit the VMware Education site for up to date information on the requirements to reach VCP5.

So without further ado, let’s dive right into the blueprint comparison. The first impression that I had when drawing up this comparison was that there wasn’t really a comparison to be had. The work put into the VCP5 blueprint is far more than simply removing ESX and shimming in the appropriate new features/changes where needed; the blueprint has been entirely rewritten. Objectives have been merged while others have been expanded. I debated on whether to compare the blueprints by aligning by objective, versus aligning by topic covered. Ultimately, I decided that the former would be easier to read than the latter.

Update: I’ve since learned that the VCP5 beta period ends late July 2011. According to the Pearson Vue, the VCP5 final exam can be scheduled as early as August 29th 2011.

VCP5 blueprint VCP4 blueprint
Section 1 – Plan, Install, Configure and Upgrade vCenter Server and VMware ESXi Section 1 – Plan, Install and Upgrade VMware ESX/ESXi
Objective 1.1 — Install and Configure vCenter Server Objective 1.1 — Install VMware ESX/ESXi on local storage
Identify available vCenter Server editions Identify minimum hardware requirements
Deploy the vCenter Appliance Download, prepare and validate installation media
Install vCenter Server into a virtual machine Determine appropriate ESX/ESXi configuration in a given situation
Size the vCenter Server database Obtain required information for environment
Install additional vCenter Server components Verify hardware against the VMware Hardware Compatibility Guide
Install/Remove vSphere Client plug-ins Perform a custom installation
Enable/Disable vSphere Client plug-ins Customize storage layout for given situations
License vCenter Server Configure ESXi from the direct console
Determine availability requirements for a vCenter Server in a given vSphere implementation Configure ESX/ESXi NTP
Determine use case for vSphere Client and Web Client Manage ESX/ESXi licensing
Compare/Contrast VMware vSphere editions
Manage license keys
Objective 1.2 – Install and Configure VMware ESXi Objective 1.2 – Upgrade VMware ESX/ESXi
Perform an interactive installation of ESXi Plan a VMware vSphere upgrade
Deploy an ESXi host using Auto Deploy Backup/Restore ESX/ESXi host configuration
Configure NTP on an ESXi Host Understand Virtual Machine backup options
Configure DNS and Routing on an ESXi Host Determine if existing hardware meets upgrade requirements
Enable/Configure/Disable hyperthreading Understand VMware ESX/ESXi upgrade scenarios
Enable/Size/Disable memory compression cache Perform upgrade to ESX 4.0
License an ESXi host Upgrade VMware ESX/ESXi
Upgrade virtual machine hardware
Upgrade VMware Tools
Verify success of upgrade
Understand upgrade roll back options
Objective 1.3 – Plan and Perform Upgrades of vCenter Server and VMware ESXi Objective 1.3 – Secure VMware ESX/ESXi
Identify upgrade requirements for ESXi hosts Identify default security principles
Identify steps required to upgrade a vSphere implementation Understand Service Console firewall operation
Upgrade a vNetwork Distributed Switch Service Console Security Level
Upgrade from VMFS3 to VMFS5 Opening/Closing ports in the firewall using the vSphere Client
Upgrade VMware Tools Set up user/group accounts
Upgrade Virtual Machine hardware Determine applications needed for accessing the service console in a given scenario
Upgrade an ESXi Host using vCenter Update Manager
Determine whether an in-place upgrade is appropriate in a given upgrade scenario
Objective 1.4 –Secure vCenter Server and ESXi Objective 1.4 – Install VMware ESX/ESXi on SAN Storage
Identify common vCenter Server privileges and roles Configure LUN Masking
Describe how permissions are applied and inherited in vCenter Server Prepare SAN
Configure and administer the ESXi firewall Configure FC or iSCSI HBA BIOS
Enable/Configure/Disable services in the ESXi firewall Enable BIOS
Enable Lockdown Mode Select Boot LUN
Configure network security policies Install VMware ESX/ESXi
View/Sort/Export user and group lists Determine boot LUN size in a given situation
Add/Modify/Remove permissions for users and groups on vCenter Server inventory objects
Create/Clone/Edit vCenter Server Roles
Add an ESXi Host to a directory service
Apply permissions to ESXi Hosts using Host Profiles
Determine the appropriate set of privileges for common tasks in vCenter Server
Objective 1.5 – Identify vSphere Architecture and Solutions Objective 1.5 – Identify vSphere Architecture and Solutions
Identify available vSphere editions and features Differentiate VMware platform products and editions
Explain ESXi and vCenter Server architectures Understand the various datacenter solutions (View, SRM, Lab Manager, etc.)
Explain Private/Public/Hybrid cloud concepts Explain ESX/ESXi architecture
Determine appropriate vSphere edition based on customer requirements Compare and contrast bare metal vs. hosted architecture
Section 2 – Plan and Configure vSphere Networking Section 2 – Configure ESX/ESXi Networking
Objective 2.1 – Configure vNetwork Standard Switches Objective 2.1 – Configure Virtual Switches
Identify vNetwork Standard Switch capabilities Understand Virtual Switch and ESX/ESXi NIC and port maximums
Create/Delete a vNetwork Standard Switch Determine the vSwitch NIC teaming policy in a given situation
Add/Configure/Remove vmnics on a vNetwork Standard Switch Determine the appropriate vSwitch security policies in a given situation
Configure vmkernel ports for network services Create/Delete Virtual Switches
Add/Edit/Remove port groups on a vNetwork Standard Switch Create Ports/Port Groups
Determine use case for a vNetwork Standard Switch Assign Physical Adapters
Modify vSwitch NIC Teaming and failover policies
Modify vSwitch security policy and VLAN settings
Configure VMotion
Objective 2.2 – Configure vNetwork Distributed Switches Objective 2.2 – Configure vNetwork Distributed Switches
Identify vNetwork Distributed Switch capabilities Understand ESX Host and port maximums for dvSwitches
Create/Delete a vNetwork Distributed Switch Determine the virtual port group NIC teaming and fail-over policy in a given situation
Add/Remove ESXi hosts from a vNetwork Distributed Switch Determine the appropriate virtual port group security policies in a given situation
Add/Configure/Remove dvPort groups Create/Modify a vNetwork Distributed Switch
Add/Remove uplink adapters to dvUplink groups Create/Modify Uplink Group settings
Create/Configure/Remove virtual adapters Create/Modify dvPort Group settings
Migrate virtual adapters to/from a vNetwork Standard Switch Add an ESX/ESXi Host ta vNetwork Distributed Switch
Migrate virtual machines to/from a vNetwork Distributed Switch Add/Delete a VMkernel dvPort
Determine use case for a vNetwork Distributed Switch Migrate Virtual Machines ta vNetwork Distributed Switch
Objective 2.3 – Configure vSS and vDS Policies Objective 2.3 – Configure VMware ESX/ESXi Management Network
Identify common vSS and vDS policies Modify Service Console IP Settings
Configure dvPort group blocking policies Configure Service Console availability
Configure load balancing and failover policies Configure DNS and Routing settings for an ESX Host
Configure VLAN settings
Configure traffic shaping policies
Enable TCP Segmentation Offload support for a virtual machine
Enable Jumbo Frames support on appropriate components
Determine appropriate VLAN configuration for a vSphere implementation
Section 3 – Plan and Configure vSphere Storage Section 3 – Configure ESX/ESXi Storage
Objective 3.1 – Configure Shared Storage for vSphere Objective 3.1 – Configure FC SAN Storage
Identify storage adapters and devices Identify FC SAN hardware components
Identify storage naming conventions Identify how ESX Server connections are made tFC SAN storage
Identify hardware/dependent hardware/software iSCSI initiator requirements Describe ESX Server FC SAN storage addressing
Compare and contrast array thin provisioning and virtual disk thin provisioning Describe the concepts of zoning and LUN masking
Describe zoning and LUN masking practices Configure LUN masking
Scan/Rescan storage Scan for new LUNs
Identify use cases for FCoE Determine and configure the appropriate multi-pathing policy
Create an NFS share for use with vSphere Differentiate between NMP and third-party MPP
Connect to a NAS device
Enable/Configure/Disable vCenter Server storage filters
Configure/Edit hardware/dependent hardware initiators
Enable/Disable software iSCSI initiator
Configure/Edit software iSCSI initiator settings
Configure iSCSI port binding
Enable/Configure/Disable iSCSI CHAP
Determine use case for hardware/dependent hardware/software iSCSI initiator
Determine use case for and configure array thin provisioning
Objective 3.2 – Configure the Storage Virtual Appliance for vSphere Objective 3.2 – Configure iSCSI SAN Storage
Define SVA architecture Identify iSCSI SAN hardware components
Configure ESXi hosts as SVA hosts Determine use cases for hardware vs. software iSCSI initiators
Configure the storage network for the SVA Configure the iSCSI Software Initiator
Deploy/Configure the SVA Manager Configure Dynamic/Static Discovery
Administer SVA storage resources Configure CHAP Authentication
Determine use case for deploying the SVA Configure VMkernel port binding for iSCSI Software multi-pathing
Determine appropriate ESXi host resources for the SVA Discover LUNs
Identify iSCSI addressing in the context of the host
Objective 3.3 – Create and Configure VMFS and NFS Datastores Objective 3.3 – Configure NFS Datastores
Identify VMFS and NFS Datastore properties Identify the NFS hardware components
Identify VMFS5 capabilities Explain ESX exclusivity for NFS mounts
Create/Rename/Delete/Unmount a VMFS Datastore Configure ESX/ESXi network connectivity tthe NAS device
Mount/Unmount an NFS Datastore Create an NFS Datastore
Extend/Expand VMFS Datastores Objective 3.4 – Configure and Manage VMFS Datastores
Upgrade a VMFS3 Datastore to VMFS5 Identify VMFS file system attributes
Place a VMFS Datastore in Maintenance Mode Determine the appropriate Datastore location/configuration for given virtual machines
Select the Preferred Path for a VMFS Datastore Determine use cases for multiple VMFS Datastores
Disable a path to a VMFS Datastore Create/Configure VMFS Datastores
Determine use case for multiple VMFS/NFS Datastores Attach existing Datastore tnew ESX host
Determine appropriate Path Selection Policy for a given VMFS Datastore Manage VMFS Datastores
Group/Unmount/Delete Datastores
Grow VMFS volumes
Section 4 – Deploy and Administer Virtual Machines and vApps Section 4 – Install and Configure vCenter Server
Objective 4.1 – Create and Deploy Virtual Machines Objective 4.1 – Install vCenter Server
Identify capabilities of virtual machine hardware versions Identify hardware requirements
Identify VMware Tools device drivers Understand configuration maximums
Identify methods to access and use a virtual machine console Determine availability requirements for a vCenter server in a given situation
Identify virtual machine storage resources Determine appropriate vCenter Server edition
Place virtual machines in selected ESXi hosts/Clusters/Resource Pools Determine database size requirements
Configure and deploy a Guest OS into a new virtual machine Prepare/Configure vCenter Server database
Configure/Modify disk controller for virtual disks Install vCenter Server using downloaded installer
Configure appropriate virtual disk type for a virtual machine Install additional modules
Create/Convert thin/thick provisioned virtual disks vCenter Guided Consolidation
Configure disk shares vCenter Update Manager
Install/Upgrade/Update VMware Tools vCenter Converter
Configure virtual machine time synchronization Determine use case for vCenter Linked Mode Groups
Convert a physical machine using VMware Converter
Import a supported virtual machine source using VMware Converter
Modify virtual hardware settings using VMware Converter
Configure/Modify virtual CPU and Memory resources according to OS and application requirements
Configure/Modify virtual NIC adapter and connect virtual machines to appropriate network resources
Determine appropriate datastore locations for virtual machines based on application workloads
Objective 4.2 – Create and Deploy vApps Objective 4.2 – Manage vSphere Client plug-ins
Identify vApp settings Identify available plug-ins
Create/Clone/Export a vApp Determine required plug-ins for a given application
Add objects to an existing vApp Ensure permissions tinstall plug-ins
Edit vApp settings Enable plug-ins after installation
Configure IP pools
Suspend/Resume a vApp
Determine when a tiered application should be deployed as a vApp
Objective 4.3 – Manage Virtual Machine Clones and Templates Objective 4.3 – Configure vCenter Server
Identify the vCenter Server managed ESXi hosts and Virtual Machine maximums Identify the vCenter Server managed ESX Hosts and Virtual Machine maximums
Identify Cloning and Template options Join ESX/ESXi Hosts tvCenter Server
Clone an existing virtual machine Configure Guest OS Customization
Create a template from an existing virtual machine Use datacenters and folders torganize the environment
Deploy a virtual machine from a template Configure/Use Scheduled Tasks
Update existing virtual machine templates Configure/Use Resource Maps
Deploy virtual appliances and/or vApps from an OVF template Use Storage Reports/Storage Maps
Import and/or Export an OVF template View/Manage Events
Determine the appropriate deployment methodology for a given virtual machine application Configure vCenter Server settings
Configure vSphere Client settings
Objective 4.4 – Administer Virtual Machines and vApps Objective 4.4 – Configure Access Control
Identify files used by virtual machines Create/Modify user permissions in vCenter
Identify locations for virtual machine configuration files and virtual disks Create/Modify user permissions in ESX Server
Identify common practices for securing virtual machines Restrict access tvCenter inventory objects
Hot Extend a virtual disk Define vCenter predefined roles and their privileges
Configure virtual machine options Create/Clone Edit roles
Configure virtual machine power settings Assign roles tusers and groups
Configure virtual machine boot options Describe how privileges propagate
Configure virtual machine troubleshooting options Understand permissions as applied tuser and group combinations
Assign a Storage Policy to a virtual machine
Verify Storage Policy compliance for virtual machines
Determine when an advanced virtual machine parameter is required
Adjust virtual machine resources (shares, limits and reservations) based on virtual machine workloads
Section 5 – Establish and Maintain Service Levels Section 5 – Deploy and Manage Virtual Machines and vApps
Objective 5.1 – Create and Configure VMware Clusters Objective 5.1 – Create and Deploy Virtual Machines
Describe DRS virtual machine entitlement Understand virtual machine hardware maximums
Create/Delete a DRS/HA Cluster Create a virtual machine
Add/Remove ESXi Hosts from a DRS/HA Cluster Determine appropriate SCSI adapter
Add/Remove virtual machines from a DRS/HA Cluster Determine Virtual Disk type
Configure Storage DRS Install/Upgrade/Configure VMware Tools
Configure Enhanced vMotion Compatibility Create/Convert templates
Monitor a DRS/HA Cluster Customize Windows/Linux virtual machines
Configure migration thresholds for DRS and virtual machines Manage Customization Specifications
Configure automation levels for DRS and virtual machines Deploy a virtual machine from a template
Create VM-Host and VM-VM affinity rules Deploy a virtual machine using VMware vCenter Converter Enterprise
Enable/Disable Host Monitoring Perform a Hot Clone
Enable/Configure/Disable virtual machine and application monitoring Perform a Cold Clone
Configure admission control for HA and virtual machines Perform System Reconfiguration
Determine appropriate failover methodology and required resources for an HA implementation Deploy a virtual machine using Guided Consolidation
Perform Discovery
Analyze discovered virtual machines
Consolidate selected virtual machines
Clone a virtual machine
Import a virtual machine from a file/folder
Objective 5.2 – Plan and Implement VMware Fault Tolerance Objective 5.2 – Manage Virtual Machines
Identify VMware Fault Tolerance requirements Configure/Modify virtual machines
Configure Fault Tolerance networking Add/Hot Add virtual machine hardware
Enable/Disable VMware Fault Tolerance on a virtual machine Grow virtual machine disks
Test an FT configuration Determine appropriate disk format
Determine use case for enabling Fault Tolerance on a virtual machine Connect virtual machines tdevices
Configure virtual machine options
General Options
Advanced Options
Power Management Options
VMware Tools Options
Configure appropriate virtual machine resource settings
Objective 5.3 – Create and Administer Resource Pools Objective 5.3 – Deploy vApps
Describe the Resource Pool hierarchy Determine whether a vApp is appropriate for a given situation
Define the Expandable Reservation parameter Define Open Virtual Machine Format (OVF)
Create/Remove a Resource Pool Import/Export a Virtual Appliance
Configure Resource Pool attributes Build a vApp
Add/Remove virtual machines from a Resource Pool Create/Add virtual machines ta vApp
Determine Resource Pool requirements for a given vSphere implementation Edit vApp Properties
Evaluate appropriate shares, reservations and limits for a Resource Pool based on virtual machine workloads Export vApps
Clone a vApp Clone a vApp
Objective 5.4 – Migrate Virtual Machines
Identify ESXi host and virtual machine requirements for vMotion and Storage vMotion
Identify Enhanced vMotion Compatibility CPU requirements
Identify snapshot requirements for vMotion/Storage vMotion migration
Migrate virtual machines using vMotion/Storage vMotion
Configure virtual machine swap file location
Migrate a powered-off or suspended virtual machine
Utilize Storage vMotion techniques (changing virtual disk type, renaming virtual machines, etc.)
Objective 5.5 – Backup and Restore Virtual Machines
Identify snapshot requirements
Create/Delete/Consolidate virtual machine snapshots
Install and Configure VMware Data Recovery
Create a backup job with VMware Date Recovery
Perform a test and live full/file-level restore with VMware Data Recovery
Determine appropriate backup solution for a given vSphere implementation
Objective 5.6 – Patch and Update ESXi and Virtual Machines
Identify patching requirements for ESXi hosts and virtual machine hardware/tools
Create/Edit/Remove a Host Profile from an ESXi host
Attach/Apply a Host Profile to an ESXi host or cluster
Perform compliance scanning and remediation of an ESXi host using Host Profiles
Install and Configure vCenter Update Manager
Configure patch download options
Create/Edit/Delete an Update Manager baseline
Attach an Update Manager baseline to an ESXi host or cluster
Scan and remediate ESXi hosts and virtual machine hardware/tools using Update Manager
Stage ESXi host updates
Section 6 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting and Alarm Management Section 6 – Manage Compliance
Objective 6.1 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for ESXi Hosts Objective 6.1 – Install, Configure and Manage VMware vCenter Update Manager
Identify general ESXi host troubleshooting guidelines Determine installation requirements and database sizing
Troubleshoot common installation issues Install Update Manager Server and Client components
Monitor ESXi system health Configure update manager settings
Export diagnostic information Configure patch download options
Create baselines
Attach baselines tvCenter inventory objects
Scan ESX hosts and virtual machines
Remediate ESX hosts and virtual machines
Stage ESX/ESXi Host updates
Analyze compliance information from a scan
Objective 6.2 – Perform Basic vSphere Network Troubleshooting Objective 6.2 – Establish and Apply ESX Host Profiles
Verify network configuration Create/Delete Host Profiles
Verify a given virtual machine is configured with the correct network resources Import/Export Host Profiles
Troubleshoot virtual switch and port group configuration issues Edit Host Profile Policies
Troubleshoot physical network adapter configuration issues Associate an ESX host with a host profile
Identify the root cause of a network issue based on troubleshooting information Check for Compliance
Objective 6.3 – Perform Basic vSphere Storage Troubleshooting Apply Host Profiles
Verify storage configuration Analyze configuration compliance information from a scan
Troubleshoot storage contention issues
Troubleshoot storage over-commitment issues
Troubleshoot iSCSI software initiator configuration issues
Troubleshoot Storage Reports and Storage Maps
Identify the root cause of a storage issue based on troubleshooting information
Objective 6.4 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for HA/DRS Clusters and vMotion/Storage vMotion
Identify HA/DRS and vMotion requirements
Verify vMotion/Storage vMotion configuration
Verify HA network configuration
Verify HA/DRS cluster configuration
Troubleshoot HA capacity issues
Troubleshoot HA redundancy issues
Interpret the DRS Resource Distribution Graph and Target/Current Host Load Deviation
Troubleshoot DRS load imbalance issues
Troubleshoot vMotion/Storage vMotion migration issues
Interpret vMotion Resource Maps
Identify the root cause of a DRS/HA cluster or migration issue based on troubleshooting information
Section 7 – Monitor a vSphere Implementation Section 7 – Establish Service Levels
Objective 7.1 – Monitor ESXi, vCenter Server and Virtual Machines Objective 7.1 – Create and Configure VMware Clusters
Describe how Tasks and Events are viewed in vCenter Server Create new cluster
Identify critical performance metrics Add ESX/ESXi hosts ta cluster
Explain common memory metrics Configure High Availability basic/advanced settings
Explain common CPU metrics Enable/Configure VM Monitoring
Explain common network metrics Configure Distributed Resource Scheduler basic/advanced settings
Explain common storage metrics Configure Distributed Power Management
Compare and contrast Overview and Advanced Charts Configure Enhanced VMotion Compatibility
Configure SNMP for vCenter Server Configure swap file location
Configure Active Directory and SMTP settings for vCenter Server Analyze HA host failure capacity requirements
Configure vCenter Server logging options Analyze HA admission control
Create a log bundle Determine use cases for DRS automation levels and migration thresholds
Create/Edit/Delete a Scheduled Task Determine use cases for DPM policies
Configure/View/Print/Export resource maps
Start/Stop/Verify vCenter Server service status
Start/Stop/Verify ESXi host agent status
Configure vCenter Server timeout settings
Monitor/Administer vCenter Server connections
Create an Advanced Chart
Determine host performance using resxtop and guest Perfmon
Given performance data, identify the affected vSphere resource
Objective 7.2 – Create and Administer vCenter Server Alarms Objective 7.2 – Enable a Fault Tolerant Virtual Machine
List vCenter default utilization alarms Identify FT restrictions
List vCenter default connectivity alarms Evaluate FT use cases
List possible actions for utilization and connectivity alarms Set up an FT network
Create a vCenter utilization alarm Verify requirements of operating environment
Create a vCenter connectivity alarm Enable FT for a virtual machine
Configure alarm triggers Test an FT configuration
Configure alarm actions Upgrade ESX hosts containing FT virtual machines
For a given alarm, identify the affected resource in a vSphere implementation Objective 7.3 – Create and Configure Resource Pools
Determine Resource Pool requirements for a given situation
Evaluate appropriate shares, reservations, and limits in a given situation
Evaluate virtual machines for a given Resource Pool
Create Resource Pools
Set CPU resource shares/reservations/limits
Set memory resource shares/reservations/limits
Define Expandable Reservation
Add virtual machines tpool
Describe resource pool hierarchy
Objective 7.4 – Migrate Virtual Machines
Identify compatibility requirements
Cite the three methods of virtual machine migration
Determine migration use cases
Compare and contrast migration technologies
Migrate a virtual machine using VMotion
Migrate a virtual machine using Storage VMotion
Cold migrate a virtual machine
Objective 7.5 – Backup and Restore Virtual Machines
Describe different back-up/restore procedures and strategies
Create/Delete/Restore Snapshots
Install Backup and Recovery Appliance
Install vCenter Data Recovery plug-in
Create a backup job with vCenter Data Recovery
Perform test and actual restores using vCenter Data Recovery
Section 8 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting and Alarm Management
Objective 8.1 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for ESX/ESXi Hosts
Understand general ESX Server troubleshooting guidelines
Troubleshoot common installation issues
Monitor ESX Server system health
Understand how texport diagnostic data
Objective 8.2 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for VMware FT and Third-Party Clusters
Analyze and evaluate VM population for maintenance mode considerations
Understand manual Third-Party failover/failback processes
Troubleshoot Fault Tolerance partial or unexpected failovers
Objective 8.3 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for Networking
Verify VM is connected tthe correct port group
Verify port group settings are correct
Verify that the network adaptor is connected within the VM
Verify VM network adaptor settings
Verify physical network adaptor settings
Verify vSphere network management settings
Objective 8.4 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for Storage
Identify storage contention issues
Identify storage over-commitment issues
Identify storage connectivity issues
Identify iSCSI software initiator configuration issues
Interpret Storage Reports and Storage Maps
Objective 8.5 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for HA/DRS and VMotion
Explain the requirements of HA/DRS and VMotion
Verify VMotion functionality
Verify DNS settings
Verify the service console network functionality
Interpret the DRS Resource Distribution Graph and Target/Current Host Load Deviation
Troubleshoot VMotion using topology maps
Troubleshoot HA capacity issues
Troubleshoot HA redundancy issues
Objective 8.6 – Create and Respond tvCenter Connectivity Alarms
List vCenter default connectivity alarms
List possible actions for connectivity alarms
For a given alarm, analyze and evaluate the affected virtual infrastructure components
Create a vCenter connectivity alarm
Relate the alarm tthe affected components
Objective 8.7 – Create and Respond tvCenter Utilization Alarms
List vCenter default utilization alarms
List possible actions for utilization alarms
For a given alarm, analyze and evaluate the affected virtual infrastructure resource
Create a vCenter utilization alarm
Relate the alarm tthe affected resource
Objective 8.8 – Monitor vSphere ESX/ESXi and Virtual Machine Performance
Identify critical performance metrics (e.g., CPU ready, queue depth, etc.)
Explain memory metrics (ballooning, shared, etc.)
Explain CPU metrics (ready/wait time, etc.)
Explain network metrics (usage, packet drops, etc.)
Explain storage metrics (latency, queuing, etc.)
Compare and contrast Overview and Advanced Charts
Create an Advanced Chart
Determine host performance using guest Perfmon



  1. I have been studying for my vcap, but now im not sure if i should concentrate on the vcp to vcp 5 upgrade exam and then go back to the vcap.
    From work, i need to get my citrix cca, so i dont have much time.
    Not sure how to plan all this studying.

    • Hi Jitesh, my apologies on the late reply. This kinda goes without saying, but the certification path you choose is up to you 🙂
      I do know that the VCP5 exam will not require a prerequisite VMware-approved class if taken before 2/29/2012. Depending on work/personal schedule, you may have time to knock out the VCAP(s) and then the VCP5 before 2/29/2012. That’s my plan, at least. The way I see it, VMware’s product catalog is growing at a good clip, so the VCAP from vSphere 4 will probably cover less material than the VCAP for vSphere 5. Plus, VMware certifications don’t expire per se, they just become less relevant over time. I’d expect that a VCP or a VCAP from vSphere 4 would still be relevant in the workplace for about 1-3 years. With those points in mind, my personal recommendation is to take both VCAPs if you can AND get the VCP5 before the class requirement kicks in.

  2. From the blueprint: the VCP511 beta exam consists of 180 questions and a short pre-exam survey consisting of 8 questions.

    From the VCP5 FAQs: the VCP510 exam consists of 85 questions and a short, pre-exam survey consisting of eight questions.

    Any idea why the number of questions is different for VCP10 & VCP11?

    • Hi Ian, thanks for commenting. I’m only speculating, since I don’t have any insider access to the test creation process, but my guess is that VMware is building multiple versions of the VCP exam, or gathering data on easy -> hard questions that will help them balance the final version of the test, or both.


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