- Identify Service Console memory defaults and maximums
- Identify default and optional ESX partitions
Skills and Abilities
- Configure optional ESX partitions during installation
- Install/uninstall custom drivers
- Configure advanced bootloader options
- Configure kernel options
- Given a scenario, determine when to customize a configuration
- ESX and vCenter Server Installation Guide
- Product Documentation
- vSphere CLI
- vSphere Client
Identify Service Console memory defaults and maximums
With vSphere 4.x the default is not exactly cut and dry. The default is 300 MB, however with amounts of RAM 16GB or larger the default will actually be more. The maximum is 800 MB regardless. As for answering this question in a lab I’m not sure it will really matter. Just be aware of these things and check out this excellent blog article by Duncan Epping on the topic.
Identify default and optional ESX partitions
A default ESX installation will leave you with the below configuration. Note this was with a 40 GB disk so you will have more space on your VMFS volume with a bigger drive.
Additionally you may create other partitions.
/opt Some of the logging occurs here for HA and hardware agents so it may be best to move this partition out to it’s own to prevent root from filling up. Read Jason Boche’s blog to read more about this.
/tmp Another good one to move outside of root to prevent it from taking up space?
/home not necessarily needed anymore but again if it’s used you risk filling up root by not having a separate mount point.
/var You may want to create the mount point here to dedicate more space to /var/log and /var/core and to prevent filling up your root directory.
Install/uninstall custom drivers
- Can be done during ESX installation or post installation using vCenter Update manager or the vSphere CLI.
- Cannot be done using PXE
Configure advanced bootloader options
- If you deselect the Configure boot loader automatically check box, the Bootloader Options page will appear.
- Enter bootloader kernel arguments. These arguments will be written to the grub.conf file and they will be passed to the ESX kernel every time ESX boots.
- An optional bootloader password of up to 30 characters can be entered.
- By default the GRUB bootloader is installed in the MBR. For legacy hardware that stores BIOS info in the MBR, click Install GRUB on the first partition of the disk instead.
Configure kernel options
- In the advanced setup you can specify kernel arguments to be written to the grub.conf file and passed to the kernel every time ESX boots.
Given a scenario, determine when to customize a configuration
The vicfg-advcfg command offers a number of low-level advanced options.
Most options are not intended for customer use. You might use this command when VMware Technical Support or a VMware Knowledge Base article instructs you to do so.
- You can use the
vicfg-advcfg -soption to enable and disable CIM providers.
Set a VMkernel option:
vicfg-advcfg <conn_options> --set-kernel 1 assumeCommonBusClock
Set the value of a specific configuration item given its identifying path and the value to set:
vicfg-advcfg <conn_options> -s 1 VMkernel.Boot.xapicForce
The vicfg-module command supports setting and retrieving VMkernel module options. This command is a vSphere CLI implementation of the esxcfg-module service console command, but it supports only some of the options esxcfg-module supports. The command is commonly used when VMware Technical Support, a Knowledge Base article, or VMware documentation instruct you to do so.
Configure a supported NIC to use NetQueue:
vicfg-module <conn_options> -s "intr_type=2 rx_ring_num=8" s2io
Verify that NetQueue has been configured:
vicfg-module <conn_options> -g s2io
List the set of modules on the host:
vicfg-module <conn_options> -l